Basic radiographic techniques

Topics covered

Introduction

Step 0.1 - Radiographic terminology

Step 0.1.1 - Body types

Step 0.1.2 - Terms describing curvature of the spine

Step 0.1.3 - Radiographic projections

Step 0.1.4 - Terms relating to image production

Step 0.2 - Osteology

Step 0.2.1 - Development of bones

Step 0.2.2 - Classification of bones

Step 0.3 - Arthrology

Step 1 - Overview

Step 1.1 - Orientation

Step 1.1.1 - Anatomical directions

Step 1.1.2 - Planes or body sections

Step 1.2 - Production of x-rays

Step 1.3 - Types of radiography

Step 1.3.1 - Conventional radiography

Step 1.3.2 - Computed radiography

Step 1.3.3 - Digital radiography

Step 1.3.4 - Picture archiving and communication systems

Step 1.4 - X-ray accessories

Step 1.4.1 - Lead blockers

Step 1.4.2 - Positioning aids

Step 1.4.3 - Compensatory filters

Step 1.4.4 - Measuring calipers

Step 2 - Preparation

Step 2.1 - Preprocedure considerations

Step 2.1.1 - Indications

Step 2.1.2 - Contraindications

Step 2.1.3 - Complications

Step 2.1.4 - Consent

Step 2.1.5 - Equipment

Step 2.1.6 - Special considerations

Step 2.2 - Equipment and room preparation

Step 2.2.1 - Start of day

Step 2.2.2 - Room set up

Step 2.3 - Patient preparation

Step 2.4 - Technologist preparation

Step 3 - Image receptor

Step 3.1 - Sizes

Step 3.2 - Bucky

Step 3.3 - Grid

Step 4 - Patient position

Step 4.1 - Body positions

Step 4.2 - Specific body positions

Step 4.3 - Terms related to patient movement

Step 4.4 - Anatomical landmarks for positioning

Step 5 - Central ray

Step 5.1 - Source image receptor distance

Step 6 - Collimation

Step 7 - Lead markers

Step 7.1 - Anatomic markers

Step 7.2 - Additional markers

Step 8 - Patient instructions

Step 9 - Exposure factors

Step 10 - Projections

Step 10.1 - Routine projections

Step 10.2 - Nonroutine projections

Step 10.2.1 - Special-use projection terms

Step 10.3 - Trauma projections

Step 10.4 - Pediatric projections

Step 10.4.1 - Neonate (less than 1 month old)

Step 10.4.2 - 0 to 4 years old

Step 10.4.3 - 5 years and older

Step 11 - Skeletal survey

Step 12 - Postprocedure

Step 12.1 - Viewing radiographic images

Step 12.2 - Other considerations

Step 13 - Professional considerations

Step 13.1 - Continuing professional development

 

Learning objectives

  • Discuss and utilize radiographic positioning terminology
  • Discuss the care of the radiographic examining room
  • Describe common radiographic positions
  • Discuss the various approaches to dealing with trauma and paediatric patients
  • Discuss basic radiographic positioning methods and steps
  • Describe and identify radiographic equipment
  • Describe positioning landmarks
  • Describe and explain the significance of obtaining a pertinent patient history
  • Describe and explain the technologists' role with respect to patient safety and ALARA
  • Discuss the importance of radiation protection
  • Discuss infection control and prevention
  • Describe and explain the reason for patient breathing techniques in order to obtain optimum radiographic images
  • Analyse the radiographs for quality and proper positioning criteria
  • Explain the Patient's Bill of Rights, HIPAA Privacy Rule (HIPAA), and Patient Safety Act

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