Basic ultrasound scan techniques

Topics covered

1: Overview

1.1 Orientation

1.1.1 Anatomical directions

1.1.2 Planes or body sections

1.1.3 On-screen orientation

1.1.4 Abdominal quadrants and regions

1.2 Cross sectional anatomy

1.3 Abdominal vascular landmarks

2: Preprocedure considerations

2.1 Patient preparation

2.2 History

2.3 Patient position

3: Procedure

3.1 Image optimization

3.2 Transducer manipulation

3.3 Approaches

3.4 Breathing

3.5 Windows

3.6 Survey scan

3.7 Protocol

3.8 Annotation

3.9 Measurement

4: Postprocedure considerations

4.1 Patient

4.2 Preliminary report

5: Professional considerations

5.1 Ergonomics

Learning objectives

  • Define and explain related ultrasound terminology
  • Identify orientation on the ultrasound image
  • Identify and obtain cross-sectional anatomy on ultrasound images
  • Identify vascular landmarks used in abdominal imaging
  • Describe and explain the significance of obtaining a relevant patient history
  • Describe and explain the reason for patient preparation for ultrasound examinations
  • Describe and demonstrate the reason for patient positioning for ultrasound examinations
  • Manipulate the transducer in sagittal, transverse, and oblique planes
  • Demonstrate different transducer approaches and manipulations used to obtain optimum images on different body types
  • Describe and explain the reason for patient breathing techniques in order to obtain optimum images
  • Identify and utilize acoustic windows in order to obtain optimum ultrasound images
  • Describe and explain the requirements for annotation of ultrasound images
  • Describe the technique for measuring structures on ultrasound images
  • Using a standard format, write a technical impression
  • Demonstrate and describe methods for preventing musculoskeletal injury
  • Explain the importance of belonging to a professional association 

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